Ankle

Strain/Sprain-An ankle sprain occurs when one or more of the ligaments in the ankle is either completely torn, or just partially torn. The most common causes of ankle sprains are rolling, twisting or turning of the foot. Ankle strains are generally caused by the same motions, but the muscles  are only stretched with a strain.
 

Achilles-The Achilles tendon is one of the longest tendons in the human body, spanning from the heel up to the calf muscles. Due to the force applied through it, the Achilles is one of the most commonly injured tendons in the body. A variety of factors such as sports/activities, sudden movement, foot conditions, or wearing high heels, can put excessive stress on the tendon causing it to fail.

Foot

Plantar Fasciitis-This condition is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. It occurs when the bands of tissue that supports the arch of the foot becomes irritated and inflamed.
 

Orthotics- Many people think that orthotics are just arch supports, when really they are custom made shoe inserts. Orthotics are designed to improve the biomechanics of each unique foot. By improving the position of the feet, better alignment is achieved. The changes necessary to ensure proper alignment varies from person to person. Orthotics fit into the shoe to correct foot positioning and help eliminate pain and wear and tear. Poor biomechanics of the foot can also be linked to a sore back or stiff neck. Orthotics encourages proper neutral position of the foot, which allows improved mechanics of the foot, alleviates pressure points, and muscle strain and pain. Individuals with foot, neck, hip or back pain may benefit from orthotics. Your therapist can best determine if you need orthotics based on an evaluation of your condition.