Low back Pain – A common disorder involving the muscles, nerves and bones of the back. Pain can vary from a dull constant ache to a sudden sharp feeling. Low back pain can be classified by duration as acute (pain lasting less than 6 weeks), subacute (6 to 12 weeks), or chronic (more than 12 weeks).
Sciatica – Pressure on the sciatic nerve causes radiating pain along the sciatic nerve running down one or both legs. Sciatica can also cause numbness, tingling and weakness in the leg along the sciatic nerve.
Nerve Root Impingement- This is a term that is used by some to cover all conditions that affect the nerve and cause radiating symptoms into the limb (arm or leg). However, it often times becomes too generalized when used in this manner. Physical therapists are becoming progressively more capable of making more accurate and specific diagnosis of what structural problem is to be the cause. Many of these conditions that cause radiating symptoms are covered in more detail and include the prolapsed disc, herniated disc, mm impingement, bone spurs or stenosis.
Protrusion or Herniation of Intervertebral Discs- Between most vertebrae lie shock-absorbing cartilage-based discs. Sometimes the gel- like inner nucleus of a disc can leak out of the disc’s hard outer casing. Displaced disc material can then press upon nearby nerves, preventing the nerve from functioning properly and causing pain.
Facet joint syndrome- Facet Syndrome is a condition in which facet joints in the spine degenerate, ultimately causing pain. The facet joints are located between each vertebra and they give the spine both stability and flexibility.
Compression Fractures-Compression fractures occur when a vertebra collapses, either due to a trauma or a weakening of the vertebra. This is often seen in people with osteoporosis, infection, or lytic lesions from metastatic or primary tumors.
Osteoarthritis-This is known as a degenerative joint disease. More specifically, osteoarthritis of the spine is a breakdown of the cartilage in the lower back and the neck. This condition can cause pain and weakness in the arms and legs as it puts pressure on the nerves that extend from the spinal column.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction- The Sacroiliac Joints are located in the pelvis and they connect the pelvis to the lowest part of the spine. The purpose of these joints is to act as shock absorbers for the spine. Dysfunction of this joint is known for causing lower back and leg pain.
Spinal Stenosis-Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the open spaces in the spine narrow, which can put pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves that move through the spine. This condition can be inherited, or often time caused by Scoliosis.
Whip-Lash- Neck strain or whiplash occurs when the head is suddenly jerked backward and forward. This extreme back and forth movement pushes the neck muscles and movement beyond their normal range of motion causing stretching and tearing of the muscles in the neck. Symptoms include pain, stiffness and headaches.
Facet Syndrome- Facet Syndrome is a condition in which facet joints in the spine degenerate, ultimately causing pain. The facet joints are located between each vertebra and they give the spine both stability and flexibility.
Cervical Radiculopathy- A pinched or irritated nerve in the neck causing pain, numbness or weakness radiating into the chest or arm.