Medial Epicondylitis (golfers elbow)-This is a condition in which the tendons of the forearm muscles attach to the bump on the inside of the elbow become inflammed. This condition is often caused by overusing the muscles in the forearm that ultimately allow an individual to rotate and grip their arm, and flex the wrist.

Lateral Epicondylitis (tennis elbow) – This is a painful condition in the elbow that is caused by overuse or trauma. With this condition, the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow become inflamed and cause pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow, ultimately damaging the forearm muscles and tendons. While playing tennis or other racquet sports can cause this condition which is were the name has originated. Many other activities can also cause lateral epicondylitis.

Radial Head- The most proximal aspect of the radius bone. This area allows pronation and supination of the forearm. Sprains strains and fractures can affect its function.